Pregnancy

What is ALPA Disease?

May 29 , 2020

Shilpa Shetty was in the headlines after welcoming her newborn, Samisha, through surrogacy in February. She shared the news with her well-wishers on social media and best wishes started to pour in.

After Shilpa decided to share that why she opted for surrogacy she revealed that she had previously suffered from miscarriages due to ALPA (Antiphospholipid syndrome) which is an autoimmune disease. 

She also told the interviewer that she did not want her son to grow as a single child and hence the couple opted for surrogacy. 

Here is what you should know about ALPA, how does it affect one’s body and why it can induce miscarriage during pregnancy. 

What is ALPA?

This is an autoimmune disease that does not allow the body to recognize its own tissues and an immune response is generating against it, resulting in loss of tissues in the body and other damages.

This reaction also comes in play during pregnancy as an immune modulation happens in the body due to the introduction of the father’s tissue and the immune system tries to destroy anything foreign that enters the body.  This kind of response in the body can be fatal for the growing fetus. 

Treatment for ALPA 

Women who are suffering from ALPA while being pregnant are usually given blood thinners to avoid the formation of clots. Pregnancy, in this case, can be considered high risk and may even lead to pre-term labor. Unexplained intra-uterine death is also expected in this condition. 

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